177 of 254 Culberson County Courthouse, Van Horn, Texas. County Population: 2,398
"Culberson County comprises 3,815 square miles of terrain that varies from
mountainous to nearly level, with elevations ranging from 8,751 feet on Guadalupe Peak, the highest spot in the state, to 3,000 feet.
"In 1849, the Van Horn Wells were supposedly discovered by Maj. Jefferson Van Horne, en route to El Paso. The wells became known as one of the few dependable water sources in the vast emptiness of West Texas; ten years later the army considered them sufficiently important to establish a cavalry outpost there under Lt. James Judson Van Horn (no relation to Jefferson). Lieutenant Van Horn commanded the station until 1861, when he was taken prisoner by Confederate troops who seized the wells. The town of Van Horn, founded some twenty years later, was named for him.
"In November 1881 Gould and Huntington reached an agreement by which the Texas and Pacific would stop at Sierra Blanca, in Hudspeth County, and the [railroads] would share the track from Sierra Blanca to El Paso.
With the completion of the Texas and Pacific, settlement of the area began in earnest.
"In 1911 a new county, named after David B. Culberson, was separated from El Paso County. When Culberson County was organized in 1912, Van Horn was chosen as county seat.
Martin Donell Kohout, "CULBERSON COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online
I visited Culberson County and photographed the courthouse in Van Horn on March 22 and 24, 2013.